Getting Started with Metta Meditation: A Quick Guide to Loving-Kindness Practice

Metta meditation, also known as loving-kindness meditation, is a type of Buddhist meditation practice aimed at cultivating love, compassion, and goodwill towards oneself and others. By engaging in this practice, you can develop a greater sense of inner peace, improve your relationships, and enhance your overall well-being. I hope you enjoy this guide to getting started with metta meditation

getting started with metta meditation

As a beginner, it’s essential to understand the basics of metta meditation and how to properly engage in the practice. One way to start is by finding a quiet, comfortable place where you can dedicate 15-20 minutes of uninterrupted time for meditation, either in a chair or on a cushion. Next, it’s crucial to focus on your breath and center yourself by connecting with the physical sensations in your body, particularly around your heart area.

There are several techniques you can utilize when practicing metta meditation, such as mentally sending goodwill, kindness, and warmth towards others by silently repeating a series of mantras. Following a guided meditation, either through audio or video resources, is also an effective way to get started in your loving-kindness practice. By committing to a regular metta meditation practice, you will gradually notice its positive effects on your mental and emotional well-being.

What is Metta Meditation?

getting started with metta meditation

Metta meditation, also known as loving-kindness meditation, is a traditional Buddhist practice that has been used for thousands of years. Its primary goal is to cultivate compassion for yourself and others by directing loving, friendly phrases and goodwill towards people and sometimes even animals.

Instead of concentrating on your breath, as in many other forms of meditation, you actively focus on sending benevolent thoughts and wishes out into the world. By doing this, you imagine that the beings in your mind are positively influenced by your goodwill.

Different traditions approach metta meditation in various ways; however, the core concept remains the same. It involves mentally sending goodwill, kindness, and warmth towards others by silently repeating a series of mantras. Some of the benefits of metta meditation include reduced stress, increased emotional intelligence, and improved empathy.

Here are a few foundational steps to help you get started with metta meditation:

  • Select a quiet and comfortable location for your meditation session.
  • Choose a series of loving-kindness phrases or mantras that resonate with you. Example: “May you be happy. May you be healthy. May you be safe. May you live with ease.”
  • Begin by directing these phrases towards yourself, then gradually extend them to others, including loved ones, acquaintances, and even people you may have difficulty with in daily life.

Benefits of Metta Meditation

Practicing metta meditation regularly offers numerous advantages to both your physical and mental well-being. Let’s explore some of these benefits:

  • Promotes self-compassion: Metta meditation encourages you to develop a deeper sense of self-compassion, allowing you to better care for and understand yourself.
  • Improves mental and emotional health: This meditation technique is known to enhance mental and emotional health by transforming emotional pain and reducing stress and anxiety.
  • Strengthens relationships: Metta meditation fosters a more compassionate and understanding attitude, which can lead to improved social and familial relationships.
  • Enhances sense of connection: As you practice metta meditation, you’ll likely experience an increased sense of connection and belonging, both within yourself and in the world around you.
  • Increases well-being: Studies show that metta meditation is effective in promoting overall well-being.

By incorporating metta meditation into your routine, you will not only improve your relationship with yourself but also with others. Remember to approach this practice with patience and consistency, and enjoy the many benefits that unfold as you cultivate a more loving and compassionate attitude.

Preparing for Metta Meditation

Setting Your Environment

Creating a comfortable and serene space is essential for a successful metta meditation practice. Choose a quiet area in your home where you can sit undisturbed for the duration of your meditation. Ensure the room has adequate lighting, preferably natural, to help create a calm atmosphere.

When setting up your meditation space, consider adding elements such as a comfortable cushion or mat to sit on, soothing artwork or statues, and soft, calming colors. These will help you feel more relaxed and focused during your practice. Keep your meditation space clean and organized to minimize distractions and support a clear state of mind.

Planning Your Meditation Schedule

Consistency is crucial for reaping the benefits of metta meditation. Determine how often you’d like to practice and allocate specific times in your daily or weekly schedule for your meditation sessions. Ideally, aim for 15-20 minutes per session, as recommended by Lion’s Roar.

Try to find a time when you’re least likely to be interrupted, such as early mornings or evenings. Establishing a routine will make it easier to incorporate metta meditation into your daily life and help you develop a consistent practice. Remember, it’s essential to be flexible and adjust your schedule as needed to accommodate your lifestyle and commitments.

Here are some tips to help you plan your meditation schedule:

  • Set a goal for how often you’d like to meditate (e.g., daily, several times a week)
  • Choose a specific time of day that works best for you
  • Consider using a calendar or reminder app to help you stay on track
  • Be mindful of any obstacles or distractions that may interfere with your practice, and make adjustments when necessary

Steps to Perform Metta Meditation

Find a Comfortable Seating Position

To begin your Metta Meditation practice, find a quiet and uplifting place where you can sit comfortably for 15-20 minutes. You can sit in a chair or on a meditation cushion with your back straight. You can do this practice with your eyes open or closed, depending on your preference. Focus on being present and connect with your breathing for a few moments before proceeding with the meditation.

Focus on Loving-Kindness Phrases

Once you are settled and comfortable, start focusing on loving-kindness phrases. These are simple, positive affirmations that you wish for yourself and others. Examples of loving-kindness phrases include:

  • May I be safe
  • May I be healthy
  • May I be happy
  • May I live with ease

Repeat these phrases mentally in a gentle and soothing manner. You can customize these phrases to suit your specific needs and intentions.

Extend Metta to Yourself and Others

When you feel connected to the loving-kindness phrases, start by applying them to yourself. Deeply and sincerely wish for your own well-being, happiness, and peace. After some time, gradually extend these thoughts and feelings to others.

Begin with someone you care for deeply, like a close friend or family member, and then continue to extend the loving-kindness to acquaintances, strangers, and even people you might have difficulty with. It is important to include all beings in your practice to cultivate a genuine sense of loving-kindness and compassion for everyone.

Remember, Metta Meditation is a practice that takes time and patience. Continue your regular practice and you will notice the positive effects it has on your overall well-being and relationships with others.

Tips for Enhancing Your Metta Meditation Practice

getting started with metta meditation

Metta meditation is a powerful practice that can help you develop kindness, love, and compassion for yourself and others. To get the most out of your practice, consider incorporating the following tips:

Be Consistent

Consistency is key in developing any meditation practice, including metta meditation. Aim to practice regularly, setting aside a specific time each day for your meditation. This can help you build a habit and deepen your practice over time. Whether you choose to meditate for 15-20 minutes a day, as suggested by Lion’s Roar, or for a different amount of time that suits your schedule, make sure to commit to it and be consistent.

Dealing with Distractions

As you practice metta meditation, you may find your mind wandering or becoming distracted by thoughts or physical sensations. This is normal, and it’s important not to get frustrated with yourself. Instead, gently bring your focus back to the phrases of loving-kindness. Remember the advice from Tricycle: hold the phrases in your heart as if they were fragile and precious, and cherish them as you return to your practice.

Adjusting the Phrases

While there are traditional phrases used in metta meditation, feel free to adjust them to resonate with you personally. The goal is to cultivate a genuine sense of loving-kindness, so use words and phrases that evoke this feeling for you. Metta Institute encourages experimenting with different phrases to find what works best for you.

Remember that metta meditation is a personal practice aimed at cultivating genuine love and compassion. By staying consistent, dealing with distractions effectively, and personalizing your phrases, you can enhance your experience and deepen your practice.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Should I Meditate?

It’s essential to find a meditation duration that works for you; there is no strict rule when it comes to the length of metta meditation sessions. As a beginner, you might want to start with shorter periods of around 10 to 20 minutes. Developing a consistent practice is crucial, so it’s better to meditate for a shorter duration regularly than to force yourself into longer sessions occasionally.

As your practice deepens, you can gradually increase the duration of your meditation sessions. Some sources, such as Lion’s Roar, recommend setting aside 15-20 minutes for metta meditation. Don’t be afraid to experiment to find the optimal session length for yourself.

Can Metta Meditation Be Practiced with Other Meditation Techniques?

Yes, you can incorporate metta meditation into your existing practice alongside other meditation techniques. Metta meditation focuses on fostering a mental state of kindness, love, and compassion, which can be complementary to many other practices such as mindfulness, concentration, or body scans. Integrating metta meditation with your routine can enrich your overall experience and enhance the benefits derived from each technique.

For example, you might begin your meditation session with mindfulness or concentration practice, followed by a period of metta meditation. This approach allows you to first stabilize your mind and then engage in the cultivation of loving-kindness. Remember to experiment and find the best combination of techniques that suits your needs and supports your personal growth.

Here is 10 minute guided metta meditation video:


In your journey to cultivate loving-kindness through metta meditation, consistency and practice are key. By setting aside time each day for this transformative practice, you will begin to experience the many benefits associated with it, such as increased compassion, stronger connections, and improved mental well-being.

Remember to start with yourself, as fostering self-love and self-care provide a solid foundation for extending loving-kindness to others. Gradually expand your circle of compassion, encompassing family, friends, acquaintances, and eventually, all beings. You may even find it helpful to incorporate positive phrases into your practice to solidify these sentiments.

Finally, be patient with your progress, as metta meditation is a journey that unfolds over time. With dedication and an open heart, you will begin to notice the positive effects of this practice, both within yourself and in your relationships with others. Allow metta meditation to guide you towards inner peace, loving-kindness, and a more compassionate way of life.